January 15, 1929 — April 4, 1968
America’s greatest champion for peace, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was a minister and activist who helped lead the American civil rights movement. Dr. King’s victory in securing civil rights for all Americans marks, according to many, the moment that the United States became a true liberal democracy. Dr. King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.
Those who love peace must learn to organize as effectively as those who love war.
We still have a choice today: nonviolent coexistence or violence co-annihilation. This may be mankind's last chance to choose between chaos and community.
Peace is not merely a distant goal that we seek, but a means by which we arrive at that goal.
Nonviolence means avoiding not only external physical violence but also internal violence of spirit. You not only refuse to shoot a man, but you refuse to hate him.
I have almost reached the regrettable conclusion that the Negro's great stumbling block in the stride toward freedom is not the White Citizen's Council-er or the Ku Klux Klanner, but the white moderate who is more devoted to "order" than to justice; who prefers a negative peace which is the absence of tension to a positive peace which is the presence of justice.